Located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa, Greece has been an important strategic location for millennia. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean and the 11th longest coastline in the world featuring a vast number of islands, of which 227 are inhabited.
Greece has one of the longest histories of any country, and is considered the cradle of Western civilization, Greece's rich historical legacy is reflected in large part by its 17 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, among the most in Europe and the world. The majority of Greece is mountainous, with Mount Olympus being the highest peak at almost 3,000 metres (10,000 ft). Athens is the nation's capital and largest city and regarded as the historical capital of Europe.
The islands are one of the main characteristics of Greece with 6,000 islands and islets scattered in the Aegean and Ionian Seas. The Greek Archipelago takes up 7,500 km of the country’s total 16,000 km coastline, offering sheltered bays and coves with glorious sandy beaches. Our featured island of Santorini was recently voted "The World's Best Island" and its neighbouring island Mykonos, came in fifth in the European category.